Facts About Barbados

September 20th, 2011 - Author: www.barbados-island.com

Interesting fact about Barbados

Barbados Facts: Barbados is a beautiful, coral and limestone island, situated about 320 km north northeast of Trinidad and about 160 km east-southeast of St. Lucia. With an area of 430 sq km (166 sq miles), it is the most easterly of the Caribbean islands. The island is 34 km (21 miles) long N–S and 23 km (14 miles) wide E–W, with a total coastline of 97 km (60 miles).

The island is relatively flat, rising gently to the central highland region with the highest point being Mount Hilaby in the Scotland district, at 336 metres (1,115 ft) above sea level.

The name Los Barbados was given by the Portuguese upon seeing the bearded fig trees which grew abundantly on the island. The “Los” was subsequently dropped and the island became known as Barbados.

The capital city of Barbados, Bridgetown, is located on the country’s southwestern coast in the parish of St. Michael.

Barbados Weather and Climate

Barbados experiences a tropical climate which is tempered by an almost constant sea breeze from the northeast in the winter and early spring and from the southeast during the rest of the year. Temperatures range from 21° to 30°C (70 to 86°F). Annual rainfall ranges from about 100 cm (40 in) in some coastal districts to 230 cm (90 in) in the central ridge area. There is a wet season from June to December, but rain falls periodically throughout the year.

Flora, Fauna & Sea Life in Barbados

Barbados Facts: Harrison's Cave

Underground caves of waterfalls and lakes, tropical gullies, flower forests and mangrove swamps can be found in Barbados. There is also an abundance of fruit trees, palms, casuarinas, mahogany and almond trees on the island. The wide variety of flowers and shrubs includes wild roses, Pride of Barbados, heliconia, hibiscus, lilies, and several cacti.

Natural wildlife includes a few mammals and birds; finches, blackbirds, and moustache birds are common. The Barbados green monkey is one indigenous species to be found on the island.

The waters of Barbados are teeming with healthy sponge coral and plant life. Also to be found are sea turtles, parrotfish, rays and barracudas.

Barbados Government

Barbados has been an independent state in the Commonwealth since November 30, 1966, and as such functions as a parliamentary democracy modeled after the British Westminster system. Control of the government is held by the Cabinet and is responsible to the Parliament. The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the winning party in the elections for the House of Assembly, whose members are elected every five years.

Barbadian Dollar, Currency of Barbados

Barbados has its own currency issued by the Central Bank of Barbados. Two Barbados dollars are equivalent to one U.S. dollar. Notes are issued in denominations of $100, $50, $20, $10, $5, and $2. Coins are issued in denominations of $1 and 25, 10, 5, and 1cents. Travelers Cheques and most major credit cards are also widely accepted.

Barbadians

The population of Barbados is estimated at 279,912 and is made up mainly of people of African descent with some European, Asian, Hindu, Muslim and Syrian influence. The official language of Barbados is English but most Barbadians speak in their national dialect, which is referred to as Bajan.

The people of Barbados are friendly, fun loving and warm and are always ready to welcome you with a smile. You will always feel at home in Barbados.

Related Photos from Barbados Island:

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